Abbreviations

adj. adjective
adv. adverb
anim. animate
ant. antonym
app. apparel
atyp. atypical
Ba Barrett, 1908
Bau Baumhoff, 1958
BIS. ? bisective (activity aspect)
BO Bill Ray or Other dialect
BR Bill Ray consultant
cal. calendar
caus. causative
cf. confer/compare
Ch Chesnut, 1902
cl. classificatory root
clf. classifier/classified
conj. conjunction
comp. compound
CONC conclusive (activity aspect)
CONS consecutive (activity aspect)
CONT continuative (motion aspect)
conv. conversive theme
contr. contraction
cnst. construction
Cu Curtis, 1924
cust. customary
CUST ? Customary base
CY Coast Yuki
def. definite/relativized
dem. demonstrative
der. derivative
desc. descriptive theme
dial. dialect
dim. dimensional theme
dist. distributive
D-R directive-repetitive (activity aspect)
Dr Driver, 1939
DUR durative (activity aspect)
dur. durative theme
Eng. English
Es Essene, 1942
EsN Essene, 1935 (fieldnotes)
esp. especially
euph. euphemism
ev. event
ext extension theme
fig. figurative
fr. “free”
fut. future
infl. inflection
GE Goddard, 1912 (Elements…)
gen. general/generic
Gi Gifford, 1922
Gl Golla, 1996 p.c.
GlCh Golla – C. Smith
GM Gil & Martina consultants
GN Goddard, fieldnotes (1902, 1906)
GR Gil Ray consultant
GT Goddard, 1909 (Kato Texts)
harv. harvesting verb
HN Huchnom
id. idiom
impf. imperfective
inc. incorporated
indf. indefinite
infl. inflection/inflected
interj. interjection
interrog. interrogative
intprefix interrogative prefix
irreg. irregular/-ly
JPH Harrington, papers (1942)
Kr Kroeber, 1928
LA Lassik
Li Li, 1930
lit. literal/-ly
LK Kittel “Lassik”
LM Lucy & Martina main consultants
lmot limited motion theme
Lo Loeb, 1932
loc. locative
LR Lucy Ray consultant/dialect
LS Settenbiden Lassik
mat. material
Me Merriam, papers
MOM momentaneous (motion aspect)
mot motion theme
n noun
n a alienable noun
neg. negative
NEU Neuter (state aspect)
n ia inalienable noun
NO Nongatl
nprefix noun prefix
nsuffix noun suffix
num. number
obj. object
obl. oblique object
obv. “obviative”
onom. onomatopoeia/-etic
ONOM onomatopoetic (activity aspect)
opt. optative
OPT Optative base
PAth Proto-Athabaskan
PCalAth Proto-California Athabaskan
PERA perambulative (motion aspect)
perf. perfective
PERS persistive (motion aspect)
ph. v. phrasal verb
pl. plural
PN Northern Pomo
PO Pomo
pos. position theme
poss. possessive
postp. postposition
pot. potential
prim. primary
pro. pronoun/proform
prog. progressive
PROG progressive (activity aspect)
proh. prohibitive
pt. part
recp. reciprocal
refl. reflexive
reg. regalia
rel. related
REP. repetitive (activity aspect)
REV. reversative (modern aspect0
RR Rose Ray consultant
Sa Goddard & Sapir, 1907-1908
s.b. somebody
sem. semantic
SEML semelfactive (activity aspect)
ser. seriative theme
sg. singular
sim. similar
SN Sinkyone – Northern
snd. sound
sndsrc. sound source
sp. specied, spelling
Sp. Spanish
spec. specific
SS Sinkyone – Southern
s.t. something
stat. stative theme
subj. subject
Syn. synonym
TRTL transitional (state aspect)
v verb
var. variant
vd descriptive verb
vi intransitive verb
vp passive verb, verb prefix
vp1cl vp 1 (classifier/valency)=Y&M IX
vp2sb vp 2 (subject) =Y&M VIII
vp3mo vp 3 (mode) =Y&M VII
vp4co vp 4 (conjugation) =Y&M VII
vp5ti vp 5 (ti- ‘off, along’) =Y&M VI?
vp6ta vp 6 (thematic/adverbial) =Y&M VIa/b/c
vp7ds vp 7 (deictic subject) =Y&M V
vp8ob vp 8 (object) =Y&M IV
vp9dp vp 9 (yaa- distributive/plural) =Y&M III
vp10it vp 10 (naa- iterative) =Y&M II
vp11at vp 11 (adverbial/thematic) =Y&M Ib/c/d
vp12ip vp 12 (incorporated postp.) =Y&M Ia
vp13po vp 13 (object of inc. postp.) =Y&M 0
vs stative verb
vt transitive verb
WA Wailaki
WE Wailaki – Eel River
wear. wearing verb
wh. whole
WNB Wailaki – North Bands (inc. Kekawaka)
WNF Wailaki – North Fork
WP Wailaki – Pitch
YU Yuki

Note: In the English definitions most references to she, her, hers or he, him, his etc. should be taken to refer to any gender.