Cahto - English


gh


gh-1v4-conjugationpfxgh-conjugation<P-gha-(ghin)..>vprefixsetin relation to P..ghitghiitcvpbe bittentʾaanʾtghilyoosn aoctopus<ti-(ghin)..___>v(in 'mix in','step on')t-(ghin)..baaʾvibe thirsty<tcinʾdaa-(ghin)..___>vprefixsetspoiling/wasting
gh-2v4-conjugationpfxprogressive mode9.2.9.1Verb affixesgh..daavistaygh..ghiinvtbring load O alongP-in-t-(gh)..yootvtrun P down
gh-3v4-conjugationpfxtransitional mode, become9.1.1.2Become, change stateko-ghin..tinvsbecome cold
P-gha-v12-incorppfx1over P, above P8.5.1.3.1Above2about P3.5.1.2.9Be about, subject3around P8.5.1.2.1Around4near P8.2.6.2Near5to one side of P8.5.1.2BesideP-gha-naa-chʾ-ee-(s)..ʾiin/ʾiinʾvttry to stop O from PP-gha-naa..ltʾitsvirun back to PP-gha-naa-tceegh-gh..laalhvicry along about PP-gha-(nin)..daavtsit near PP-ghaakwpostpto one side of P*tcʾinghaapostpin front of P*waakwpostpaway from P
P-gha-chʾ-(ghin)..geetvtstrike over P, overshoot P6.4.5Fishingwaichʾghingeethe struck over it; he overshot itder. ofP-gha-in relation to Pchʾ-3Indef√GEET/GEEH/GOTpierce/spear
<P-gha-(ghin)..>vprefixsetin relation to P9.6.2.3Relations involving correspondencesder. ofP-gha-in relation to Pgh-1gh-conjugationP-gha-(nin)..leeghviswim to PP-gha-(nin)..yaash/yaavisg.go around to the sideP-ghan-(nin)..likvttell O about P
P-gha-(ghin)..dilh/deelʾvigo around P (to one side)8.5.1.2.1Aroundwaidilhlet us go around itder. of<P-gha-(ghin)..>in relation to P√DILH/DEELʾ2du./pl. go
P-gha-(ghin)..katsʾviboat away from P, keep to one side P7.2.4.2.1Boatwahkatsʾyou (pl.) keep it on one side of them; keep it on one side! (pl.)wahkwatsʾyou (pl.) keep it on one side of them; keep it on one side! (pl.)der. of<P-gha-(ghin)..>in relation to P√KIS/KITSʾgo in a boat
P-gha-(ghin)..yiish/yiitcʾvtdream about P5.7.2DreamwaashyiishI dreamed about itder. of<P-gha-(ghin)..>in relation to P√YIISH4rest/breathechʾghaalyiishn adreamer
√GHAN1rtstay; dwelling, house*ghandingn iahome
√GHAN2rtin 'shoulder' words
√GHAN4rtsleep√GHAN3MOM, impf.√GHANʾMOM, perf...cha-(ghin)-ghan/ghanʾviP to sleep
P-ghan-v11-adverbialpfxaway from P8.5.2.6Away from
P-gha-naa-chʾ-ee-(s)..ʾiin/ʾiinʾvttry to stop O from doing P8.4.6.1.2Stop something3.3.4.4PreventwaanaachʾneeʾiinʾI tried to stop you from itder. ofP-gha-in relation to Pnaa-1iterativechʾ-3IndefP-ee-1on/against Ps-1s-conjugation/mode√ʾIIN1do/act
P-gha-naa..ltʾitsvirun back to P7.2.3.6Return7.2.1.1.1Runwaanaaltʾitshe runs back to itder. ofP-gha-in relation to Pnaa-3reversativel-l-classifierd-2d-classifier√ʾITS1run
P-gha-naa-tceegh-gh..laalhvicry along about P3.5.6.5Cry, tear2.6.6.4Mournwanaaʾtcgheeghilaalhhe cried along about himder. ofP-gha-in relation to Pnaa-1iterativetceegh-gh..laalhcry along
*ghandaann ia1son-in-law4.1.9.2.2In-law2nephew-in-law (woman's sister's son-in-law)4.1.9.2.2In-law4.1.9.1.8Nephew, niece3nephew-in-law (man's.sibling's.son-in-law)4.1.9.2.2In-law4.1.9.1.8Nephew, niece4child-in-law's brother4.1.9.2.2In-lawkwandaaneehis/her son-in-lawshghandaaneemy son-in-lawshghandaaniimy son-in-lawder. ofP-gha-(nin)..daasit near P-inpersonal suffix
*ghandaaneen iason-in-law4.1.9.2.2In-lawkwandaaneeher son-in-lawshghandaaneemy son-in-lawshghandaaniimy son-in-lawder. of*ghandaanson-in-law
P-ghan-d-(ghin)..nish/niivtexhort P3.5.2Make speechkaashghantghiniihe exhorted themder. ofd-1d-qualifierP-ghan-(ghin)..nish/niitell P
*ghandingn iahomesyn*taaghanghomekwontaah-ding 1homeyeehdinghomesim.*yeegheeʾhouse (dwelling)6.5.1.1Housekowandinghis/her homeshghandingmy homewanding2its homecomp. of√GHAN1stay/dwelling=dingplace
P-ghan-(ghin)..nish/niivttell P3.5.1.4Speak with otherswaankishnishI tell him/her/themdookʾang-waanyaaniin agirls' school teacherkashghaniin afiretender
P-gha-(nin)..daavtsit near P8.2.6.2Near7.1.2Sitder. ofP-gha-in relation to P√DAA1sit/remain*ghandaann iason-in-law
P-gha-(nin)..leeghviswim to P7.2.4.2.2SwimwaniileeghI swam to it/themder. of<P-gha-(ghin)..>in relation to P√LEEGH1swim underwater
P-gha-(nin)..yaash/yaavisg.go around P (to one side)7.2.3.2Go8.5.1.2.1Aroundwaaʾinyaahe went around itder. of<P-gha-(ghin)..>in relation to P√YAA.sg. go
P-ghan-(nin)..likvttell O about P3.5.1Sayshghankiinikyou tell about mewankwilikyou (sg.) tell him about itwankwnikyou (sg.) tell him about itwantcʾkwolikhe tells him about itder. of<P-gha-(ghin)..>in relation to Pn-4n-qualifier√LIK/NIKtell/relate