Cahto - English


h


√HEEʾrtbe tireddoo-(gh)..heeʾvdtired (requires negative prefix doo-)
h/hee-pfx(false prefix)
=hikenclfuture?, potential?8.4.6.4Future9.4.3Moods
hilhwith himaccomp.+ 3 obl.x*ilhwith P
hindeeln aoldtime, traditional, "Indian"sim.naahneesh 1person8.4.6.5.6Old fashioned
hindeelyiin ahouse, "oldtime" house6.5.1.2Types of buildingscomp. ofhindeelIndian/oldtimeyeehhousecfhindilyeehvillage
hindilyeehn avillage4.6.7.2Citycomp. ofhindeelIndian/oldtimeyeehhousecfhindeelyiihouse ("oldtime" house)
=hitencl1when9.4.8Adverbial clauses2at the time9.2.9.3Derivational affixes9.4.8Adverbial clauses3because9.2.5.2Clause conjunctions=itvar.doontceeʾhiitadvbaddjiing-hitadvdaytimeghindaan-itn aspring seasonghintʾanʾkʾitn aautumnhaihiitconjbecause of thathaanditadvnext timeilhghil-itn aevening timekongʾ tiiyaang daantcitn aspring season=kwaanhitenclwhen S had/becausekwaantʾeehitadvneverthelesslhaakwiitconjanywaylhaanhiitadvmuch*P-niitcitpostpmiddle of Pshiing-hitn asummertimeshooʾtadvin vaintʾaangʾkwʾhitn aautumn seasontlʾeeʾdanʾitadvlate morningtlʾeeʾitadvnight
hiidemthe9.1.3Thing
hiideeʾdirectnorth8.5.2.8North, south, east, westcomp. ofhiithe√DEEʾnorth/downstream
hiighilhkaalhday breaksprog.3nat.phen.yi-gh..lhkaalhday to break
hiighitiilhit/fog comes alongprog.3nat.phen.yi-gh..tiilhcome along (as fog)
hiiheendilh1they/fish run inimpf.3nat.phen.yeeh-n-(nin)..dilh/deelʾrun in (of fish)
hiiheendilh2you (sg.) go in; go in! (sg.)impf.2sg.yeeh-(ghin)..dilh/deelʾdu./pl. go in
hiilitthere is fireprog.3nat.phen.yiighi..litburn
hiinakdirectsouth8.5.2.8North, south, east, westcomp. ofhiithe√NAKʾsouth/upstream
hiineelhyaanshe ate them upperf.3obv.+ 3 obj.n-(s)..lhyii/yaaneat O up
hiiteesghiinshe carried them/loadperf.3obv.+ 3 obj.ti-(s)..ghish/ghiincarry load O along
hiitooloosit/fish may pull itopt.3obv.+ 3 obj.ti-(s)..looslead O along
hootaaadvhi regthensim.haakwdangʾthen9.2.5.2Clause conjunctions8.4.5.1.3Next
huuinterjyes!9.4.6Yes9.2.7Interjections
huu, huuinterjmournful grunt, grunt of griefrel.liil liil liil liilcelebratory callsiiʾbiiʾteeʾaangsevered scalp3.4.2.1Sad9.2.7Interjections