Cahto - English


i


=ienclnominal clitic9.2.9.2Noun affixesbaatcʾeeliinn apubescent girlbilhnaading-naaghiyain abone daggerbiiʾ lhit-taaʾnaangn asmokingbiiʾtaah-naachʾyaann abark platterchʾaan-taaghadii-ghiisitn agristmillchʾaan-tighaadiin aflourchʾeeleeʾ1n asingingchʾilhaang-yaatciin awarchʾilhtʾowin apressure-flakingchʾkaakʾbiiʾ naatʾaivtnet stickchʾnaalhdain aFirst Flowerschʾnaalhdang-noolhtishn agirl's puberty ceremonychinchʾbaaghn aLewis' woodpeckerchin-silhtiingn alogchin-tiʾaalhtcn abeaverdaahtaitcn agray squirrelgaaneeʾ yeehchʾisdain abracelethaihiitconjbecause of thatilhghil1n adarkness*indii-baashiin ianephewiidaakiin atwisting cord down the thighkʾaiʾteeln aopen-twined basket traykʾosowiichown awood duckKaachʾingshiiʾn aPleiadeskaalʾaiʾn ahazelkaankʾeebilhchʾeelghaaln aground stone knifekeeltiingn awidowkolchitn aNaaghaichow Catcherskwiiyaangn aold menkwonsaatvddeep placelhaalaabiiʾnaaghilain afeather capelhooʾteeln asurf perchlhooʾyaash-teebaashn ajacksmeltnaachʾiʾain ashinnynaadeelʾn asugar pinenaadilyain anecklacenaaghiltcʾaakʾn aone-legged racenaahneeshn apersonNaalhghiln aNovember/Decembernaalhtonʾtcn akangaroo ratnaatloosn aordinary danceNeeʾkaisbootʾn aBlue SlideNeeʾtaangʾailaiʾn aLand Extends Into Water peakNeeʾteesyain aAncient People-neesnsuffixlong (adjectival)noonilitadjunburned ntceeʾhaiadjuglyseelshooln agrinding stoneSeenaatʾai-uuyeehn aUnder the Upright Stone villagesee-teehchʾilteeʾln aboiling stoneSghaaʾ-bilh Nidaashn aScalp Danceshaa ʾingaang-kwaangn anew moonshaaniiadvonlytʾaanʾteeln aflat-leaftaahtsitn alow tideteeshoobeendoin apoor people titbiln araintoonain afishTooteesyain aAncient Peopletcʾeeltain aentrywayTcʾintniin aWhite mantcʾyaan2n awomantceeghi-yaangʾaiʾn amournersTlʾoh-ʾEetsown aApril/Maytooniliingn ariveryiiskaan1n aadvdawn
idiiyiingn asucking doctor, medicine-man, shamansyntcʾeeʾtʾootʾsucking doctor6.6Occupation2.5.7.1Doctor, nurseitighiinRR dial.tiiyiingOU dial.der. ofd-2d-classifier√YIIN2shaman√YIIN1stand/live'shaman' and 'stand' roots homophonous in Cahto, and appear to overlap
*ilhpostp1with P, by means of P9.5.1.2Instrument9.2.4Prepositions, postpositions2together with P, accompanying P9.5.2.2With, be with9.2.4Prepositions, postpositionsbilhwith ithilhwith himkwilhwith him/hernhilhwith usnilhwith you (sg.)shilhwith me=bilhconjwhen-bilhnsuffixwith itbilhʾaaadvand allbilhchʾiltʾoin apressure-flakerbinʾmilgootn afish spearing shelterP-ilh-d..niivttell PP-ilh-(ghin)..tyiinn adoctor PP-ilh-kwi..lhnikvttell Pilh..niiviask XP-ilh-(s)..lhkʾaanvtbuild firekwilhchʾiteeln achildbirthP-lh-chʾ..invttell O Xtoonai-naaʾlhaaʾhaaʾlhn aflounder
P-ilh-d..niivttell P3.5.1SaynilhdiishniiI told you (sg.)der. of*ilhwith Pd..nii/niiʾ/niilhsay
ilhghil1n a1darkness8.3.3.2Dark2evening, night8.4.1.2.1Nightder. of..lhghilhbe evening=iNOMkwanlhaan ilhghiladvevery eveningkwanlhaan ilhghilhadvevery evening
ilhghil-itn aevening time, getting dark8.4.1.2.1Nightder. ofilhghil1darkness=hitwhen
P-ilh-(ghin)..tyiinn adoctor P, (doctor) stand with P2.5.7Treat diseasebilhʾohtyiingyou (pl) doctor it; doctor it!bilhghityiinghe doctored itbilhtcʾghityiinghe doctored itshilhyaaʾtyingthey doctored meder. of*ilhwith Pd-2d-classifiergh-1gh-conjugation√YIIN1stand/liveP-ilh-naakaaʾ-(ghin)..tyiinvitwo doctor P
P-ilh-gh..lhdaalhvtwalk along with P7.2.5Accompany7.2.1.1Walkkilhghilhdaalhit walked along with himder. of*ilhwith Pgh-(s)..lhdaalhwalk along
P-ilh-gh..yaalhvigo with P, go along with P, walk with P7.2.5Accompanynhihghinyaalhyou (sg.) walk along with us; walk with us! (sg.)shilhghinyaalhyou (sg.) go with me; walk with me! (sg.)der. of*ilhwith Pgh-2PROG√YAA.sg. go
P-ilh-kwi..lhnikvttell P3.5.1Saykwilhkwolhnikyou (pl.) tell himkwolhkolhnikyou (pl.) may tell hernhilhkwiilhnikI told you (pl.)der. of*ilhwith Pko-2areal subject/objectlh-1lh-classifier√LIK/NIKtell/relate
P-ilh-naakaaʾ-(ghin)..tyiinvitwo doctor P, two (doctors) stand with P2.5.7Treat diseasekwilhyaaʾnaakaaʾghityiintwo (doctors) are standing with himder. ofnaakaaʾtwoP-ilh-(ghin)..tyiindoctor P
ilh..niivi1ask Xsim.oo-d-(ghin)..lhkitask O3.5.1.5Ask2tell X3.5.1Sayilhchʾinhe told him/her/themder. of*ilhwith P..nii/nsay
P-ilh..niivtask P X3.5.1.5Askshilhtcʾniihe asked me Xder. ofilh..niiask X
P-ilh-noonaa-(nin)..ghish/ghiinvtleave load O with P7.4.5.1Leave somethingkwilh-noonaadigheeʾlet us leave it with herder. of*ilhwith Pnoo-naa-(nin)..ghish/ghiinleave load O
P-ilh-n-(s)..tiinvtlie down with P, go to bed with P7.1.3Lie down5.1.1.3Bed5.7Sleepnilhneestiinhe lies down with you (sg.)der. of*ilhwith Pn-(s)..tiish/tiinlie down√TIIN1lie down
P-ilh-s..daavisit with P, stay with P7.2.5Accompany7.1.2Sitkwilhsdaathey sat with him
P-ilh-(s)..lhkʾaanvtbuild a fire5.5Fireilhsilhkʾaanyou (sg.) built a fireder. of*ilhwith Ps-1s-conjugation/modelh-1lh-classifier√KʾAAN2burn
P-ilh-s..tiinvtlie with P, sleep with P5.7SleepnilhsiitiinI lie with you (sg.)der. of√TIIN1lie down
*inn ianose2.1.1Headcontr. of*intcnose*inwaachʾaangn ianostril
P-in-v12-incorppfxin 'chase'/'track'/'follow'6.4.1HuntP-in-gh..yoolhvtfollow P alongP-in-(s)..lhkeeʾvttrack O chasingP-in-ti-(s)..yootvtchase P
-innsuffixpersonal suffix9.2.9.2Noun affixeschʾnaalhdangn amenarche*ghandaann iason-in-lawhangprondem3sg indepkiingpronhim/herlhtsoghingn afoxmainn abadgerninkaaʾtʾiiningn achiefnohingpron2pl indeptyiiningn adoctoryoongdempronthat oneniingpron2sg indeptcʾindingn acorpse
*inbiiʾstaangn iaseptum piercing, hole in nasal septum2.1.1.3Nose5.4.1Jewelryshinbiiʾstaangmy septum piercingder. of*innose (comb.)P-iiʾ-(s)..taanlie in P (of stick-like O)=iNOMwhere a stick lies in the nose
*inditcn iacousin (man's male cross cousin)4.1.9.1.7Cousinshinditcmy cousinder. of*intcousin-tcdiminutive suffix
*indiin ia1cousin (man's male cross cousin)4.1.9.1.7Cousin2brother-in-law (wife's sister's husband)4.1.9.2.2In-lawshindiimy cousinder. of*intcousin
*indii-baashiin ianephew4.1.9.1.8Nephew, nieceshindii-baashiimy nephewcomp. of*indiicousin (man's male cross cousin)*aashnephew (sister's son)=iNOM