Cahto - English


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=ienclnominal clitic9.2.9.2Noun affixesbaatcʾeeliinn apubescent girlbilhnaading-naaghiyain abone daggerbiiʾ lhit-taaʾnaangn asmokingbiiʾtaah-naachʾyaann abark platterchʾaan-taaghadii-ghiisitn agristmillchʾaan-tighaadiin aflourchʾeeleeʾ1n asingingchʾilhaang-yaatciin awarchʾilhtʾowin apressure-flakingchʾkaakʾbiiʾ naatʾaivtnet stickchʾnaalhdain aFirst Flowerschʾnaalhdang-noolhtishn agirl's puberty ceremonychinchʾbaaghn aLewis' woodpeckerchin-silhtiingn alogchin-tiʾaalhtcn abeaverdaahtaitcn agray squirrelgaaneeʾ yeehchʾisdain abracelethaihiitconjbecause of thatilhghil1n adarkness*indii-baashiin ianephewiidaakiin atwisting cord down the thighkʾaiʾteeln aopen-twined basket traykʾosowiichown awood duckKaachʾingshiiʾn aPleiadeskaalʾaiʾn ahazelkaankʾeebilhchʾeelghaaln aground stone knifekeeltiingn awidowkolchitn aNaaghaichow Catcherskwiiyaangn aold menkwonsaatvddeep placelhaalaabiiʾnaaghilain afeather capelhooʾteeln asurf perchlhooʾyaash-teebaashn ajacksmeltnaachʾiʾain ashinnynaadeelʾn asugar pinenaadilyain anecklacenaaghiltcʾaakʾn aone-legged racenaahneeshn apersonNaalhghiln aNovember/Decembernaalhtonʾtcn akangaroo ratnaatloosn aordinary danceNeeʾkaisbootʾn aBlue SlideNeeʾtaangʾailaiʾn aLand Extends Into Water peakNeeʾteesyain aAncient People-neesnsuffixlong (adjectival)noonilitadjunburned ntceeʾhaiadjuglyseelshooln agrinding stoneSeenaatʾai-uuyeehn aUnder the Upright Stone villagesee-teehchʾilteeʾln aboiling stoneSghaaʾ-bilh Nidaashn aScalp Danceshaa ʾingaang-kwaangn anew moonshaaniiadvonlytʾaanʾteeln aflat-leaftaahtsitn alow tideteeshoobeendoin apoor people titbiln araintoonain afishTooteesyain aAncient Peopletcʾeeltain aentrywayTcʾintniin aWhite mantcʾyaan2n awomantceeghi-yaangʾaiʾn amournersTlʾoh-ʾEetsown aApril/Maytaadisitn areceding tidetooniliingn ariveryiiskaan1n aadvdawn
idiiyiingn asucking doctor, medicine-man, shamansyntcʾeeʾtʾootʾsucking doctor6.6Occupation2.5.7.1Doctor, nurseitighiinRR dial.tiiyiingOU dial.der. ofd-2d-classifier√YIIN2shaman√YIIN1stand/live'shaman' and 'stand' roots homophonous in Cahto, and appear to overlap
ilashhe picks them upimpf.3+ 3 obj.(ghin)..lash/laahandle (pl/rope-like)
ileeghyou (sg.) become; become! (sg.)impf.2sg.(s)..leegh/liinʾbecome
ilsaanyou (sg.) saw itperf.2sg.+ 3 obj.(0)..lsis/saanfind/see O
ilsilhyou (sg.) peck it; peck it! (sg.)impf.2sg.+ 3 obj.(s)..lhtsilh/tsiilʾpeck stone
*ilhpostp1with P, by means of P9.5.1.2Instrument9.2.4Prepositions, postpositions2together with P, accompanying P9.5.2.2With, be with9.2.4Prepositions, postpositionsbilhwith ithilhwith himkwilhwith him/hernhilhwith usnilhwith you (sg.)shilhwith me=bilhconjwhen-bilhnsuffixwith itbilhʾaaadvand allbilhchʾiltʾoin apressure-flakerbinʾmilgootn afish spearing shelterP-ilh-d..niivttell PP-ilh-(ghin)..tyiinn adoctor PP-ilh-kwi..lhnikvttell Pilh..niiviask XP-ilh-(s)..lhkʾaanvtbuild firekwilhchʾiteeln achildbirthP-lh-chʾ..invttell O Xtoonai-naaʾlhaaʾhaaʾlhn aflounder
ilhcheetyou (sg.) catch it; catch it! (sg.)impf.2sg.+ 3 obj.(ghin)..lhchit/cheetcatch O
ilhchʾinhe told her/himperf.3+ 3 obj.P-lh-chʾ..intell O Xhe told him/her/themimpf.3+ 3 obj.ilh..niiask X
P-ilh-d..niivttell P3.5.1SaynilhdiishniiI told you (sg.)der. of*ilhwith Pd..nii/niiʾ/niilhsay
ilhghil1n a1darkness8.3.3.2Dark2evening, night8.4.1.2.1Nightder. of..lhghilhbe evening=iNOMkwanlhaan ilhghiladvevery eveningkwanlhaan ilhghilhadvevery evening
ilhghil2it is eveningimpf.3..lhghilhbe evening
ilhghil-itn aevening time, getting dark8.4.1.2.1Nightder. ofilhghil1darkness=hitwhen
P-ilh-(ghin)..tyiinn adoctor P, (doctor) stand with P2.5.7Treat diseasebilhʾohtyiingyou (pl) doctor it; doctor it!bilhghityiinghe doctored itbilhtcʾghityiinghe doctored itshilhyaaʾtyingthey doctored meder. of*ilhwith Pd-2d-classifiergh-1gh-conjugation√YIIN1stand/liveP-ilh-naakaaʾ-(ghin)..tyiinvitwo doctor P
P-ilh-gh..lhdaalhvtwalk along with P7.2.5Accompany7.2.1.1Walkkilhghilhdaalhit walked along with himder. of*ilhwith Pgh-(s)..lhdaalhwalk along
P-ilh-gh..yaalhvigo with P, go along with P, walk with P7.2.5Accompanynhihghinyaalhyou (sg.) walk along with us; walk with us! (sg.)shilhghinyaalhyou (sg.) go with me; walk with me! (sg.)der. of*ilhwith Pgh-2PROG√YAA.sg. go
ilhkʾaangyou (sg.) build a fire; build a fire! (sg.)impf.2sg.+ 3 obj.(s)..lhkʾaanbuild a fire
P-ilh-kwi..lhnikvttell P3.5.1Saykwilhkwolhnikyou (pl.) tell himkwolhkolhnikyou (pl.) may tell hernhilhkwiilhnikI told you (pl.)der. of*ilhwith Pko-2areal subject/objectlh-1lh-classifier√LIK/NIKtell/relate
P-ilh-naakaaʾ-(ghin)..tyiinvitwo doctor P, two (doctors) stand with P2.5.7Treat diseasekwilhyaaʾnaakaaʾghityiintwo (doctors) are standing with himder. ofnaakaaʾtwoP-ilh-(ghin)..tyiindoctor P
ilh..niivi1ask Xsim.oo-d-(ghin)..lhkitask O3.5.1.5Ask2tell X3.5.1Sayilhchʾinhe told him/her/themder. of*ilhwith P..nii/nsay
P-ilh..niivtask P X3.5.1.5Askshilhtcʾniihe asked me Xder. ofilh..niiask X
P-ilh-noonaa-(nin)..ghish/ghiinvtleave load O with P7.4.5.1Leave somethingkwilh-noonaadigheeʾlet us leave it with herder. of*ilhwith Pnoo-naa-(nin)..ghish/ghiinleave load O
P-ilh-n-(s)..tiin/teeʾvtlie down with P, go to bed with P7.1.3Lie down5.1.1.3Bed5.7Sleepnilhneestiinhe lies down with you (sg.)der. of*ilhwith Pn-(s)..tiish/tiinlie down√TIIN1lie down
ilhsaangyou (sg.) find itperf.2sg.+ 3 obj.(0)..lhsis/saanfind/see O
P-ilh-s..daavisit with P, stay with P7.2.5Accompany7.1.2Sitkwilhsdaathey sat with him