Cahto - English


kw


kw-1nprefix3sg/pl indefinite possessive prefix; one's, his, their; 3sg/pl possessive prefix (unmentioned referent)9.2.3Pronouns*kwaapostpforkwilhchʾiteeln achildbirthkwshiishn aochre*naang-kiiʾeeskiin iamother's sister's childyook-wiitʾakwdirectfar above*tcʾeek-kwbeetcʾeeʾn iamother-in-law
kw-2v8-objectpfxhim, her, them, 3sg./pl.9.2.3Pronounskeeʾaatʾeehn aboys' elementary schoolkiingpronhim/herkiiyeeʾpron3sg/pl possessive indep.kolchitn aNaaghaichow Catchers
kw-3v6-thematic/adverbialpfx
-kw1??? > advsfxadverbial suffix9.4.8Adverbial clausesP-ghaakwpostpto one side of Phaakwdemright here/out therekaakwadvquicklylhaakitadvfor nothinglhaakwaaʾadvmerelylhaakwiitconjanywaysaahdin-kwʾaaadvalone/by one's self
-kw2direct > n asfxpeople of9.5.1.6.4Origin (of a person)Daahkwn aRound Valley Yuki TribeIidaahkwn aWailaki TribeYiidaakwn aYuki people
=kwaienclmust be9.4.4Epistemic moods
kwaileehn ahi regfire5.5Fireder. of*kwaaforgh..litburn along=iNOMwhat burns for themdial.kwailitfire
kwailitn ahi regfire5.5Fireder. of*kwaaforgh..litburn along=iNOMwhat burns for themdial.kwaileehfire
kwaninʾingadvup this way8.5.2.4Up
kwanlhaan djiingadvevery day8.4.6.6.5Every timecomp. ofkwanlhaangevery/alldjiingday
kwanlhaan ilhghiladvevery evening8.4.6.6.5Every timecomp. ofkwanlhaangevery/allilhghil1darkness
kwanlhaan ilhghilhadvevery evening8.4.6.6.5Every timecomp. ofkwanlhaangevery/allilhghil1darkness
kwanlhaan tlʾeeʾadvevery night8.4.6.6.5Every timecomp. ofkwanlhaangevery/alltlʾeeʾnight
kwanlhaan yiilhkaiadvevery morning8.4.6.6.5Every timecomp. ofkwanlhaangevery/allyiilhkaidawn/morning
kwanlhaang1advevery, all, many9.2.7Interjections9.3.2Completely8.1.5All2interjall, that is all3.5.4Story3advenough8.1.7Enoughder. of(n)..lhaanmany√LHAANbe manyP-aa-2like PP-aa-(nin)..lhaanbe all of P
kwanlhaang-haaʾpronevery one8.1.5Allder. ofkwanlhaangevery/all=haaʾjust
kwanlhaang-yeeinterjthat is all 9.2.7Interjections8.1.5Allcomp. ofkwanlhaangevery/all=yeeeyewitness evidential affirmative
*kwaapostpfor P9.2.4Prepositions, postpositionskwaa1for it/her/himnohkwaafor usder. ofkw-13sg/pl possessive prefix (unmentioned referent): one's, his, her, theirP-aa-1for Pkwaileehn afirekwailitn afire
kwaaʾ1advquick8.4.8.1Quickder. ofb-3sg/pl poss.kaaʾ1 3quickly/hurry
=kwaaʾvenclyet, until8.4.6.1.4Untilshoonkʾ-kwaaadvwellshoong-kwaaadvwell
=kwaanvenclclitic: inferred with certainty from evidence9.4.5Evidentials-kaangLM dial.kwaangʾangiiinfl.=ʾangkwaanenclhave/has?diikwaangdemwhat he did=kwaangʾangiienclis/are (surprisingly)shaa ʾingaang-kwaangn anew moon
kwaa..naavslive5.9Live, staykwaashnaaI liveder. ofP-aa-2like P√NAA/NAAʾ2live/cure
=kwaanaangvenclclitic: evidence observed, but not act (often follows ee, directly observed)9.4.5Evidentialscomp. of=kwaaninferred with certainty from evidence evidential=nangdefinite enclitic
kwaan-beedin skiin awoman after miscarriage2.6.5.2Woman2.6.3.3Miscarriageder. ofP-ghaan-about/from PP-ee..dinP to die/be missingskiibabyone against whom a child has died
kwaan-di..kʾaasviwave to fall back, recedeantdaa-d-(nin)..ʾaa/ʾaaʾwave extend up onto surface1.3.2.4Wavekwandiikʾaaswaves fall backder. ofP-aa-1for Pd-1d-qualifier√KʾAASstick-like moves quicklyfall down P-way