Cahto - English


n


√NNEU, perf.NEUperf.√NII1speak/tell say
n-1v3-modepfxcompletive, perfective modekwinyeeh-(nin)..dilh/deelʾvidu./pl. go underground
n-21v2-subjectpfxyou, 2sg.9.2.3Pronouns2v8-objectpfxyou (sg)9.2.3Pronouns3npyour, yours9.2.3Pronounsdaahinjiiinterwhat did you say?niingpron2sg indepniiyeeʾpron2sg possessive indepshnindinginterjshut up! (sg)
n-3v4-conjugationpfxn-conjugationoo-n-(nin)..lhaatvtshoot
n-4v6-thematic/adverbialpfxn-qualifier9.2.9.1Verb affixeslhi-n-vtogether/assemblingn..chaaghvdbe large(n)..lhaanvdmanyn..neesvdbe longn-(s)..tʾaanvithicken/grow (acorns)n-(s)..tiish/tiinvilie downoo-n-(nin)..lhaatvtshootndooʾ1vsnot exist
√NArtstranger/enemyChʾintcn aRound Valley Yuki TribeChʾintcingn aSherwood Pomo tribe
naiʾaaʾit has waves; it/nat.phen. is acrossimpf.3nat.phen.naa-yi..ʾaa/ʾaaʾnatural phenomenon to extend across
naidilhwe go backprog.1pl.naa-gh..dilhdu./pl. go back home
naidityaalhwe go back home individuallyprog.1pl.naa-(nin)..daash/tyaasg. come back
naighaaʾaalhthey were bringing it backprog.3obv.dist.+ 3 obj.naa-gh..ʾaalhbring solid O back along
naighiighaalhthey kill them (regularly)prog.3obv.+ 3 obj.naa-gh..ghaalhkill (regularly)
naiheesʾaangthey took it backperf.3+ 3 obj.naahi-(s)..ʾaash/ʾaantake solid O back
nailyiish1Rest, restlet them restopt.3naa-(ghees)..lyiish/yiitcʾrest breathe; rest
nailyiish2n aresting2.4.5Rest8.4.1.8Special daysder. ofnaa-(ghees)..lyiish/yiitcʾrest breathe; rest=iNOM
nailyooltcn agopherThomomys spp.genlhoongʾ 1rodentsyndaaschaanggopherlhoongʾkaanaasgopher5.2.3.2.4Small Mammals (as food)1.6.1.1.03Rodentsder. ofnaa-1iterativegh-2PROGl-l-classifier-tcdiminutive suffixlittle one that yoolhs around
naineelhghaalʾhe/she/it beat itperf.3obv.+ 3 obj.naa-n-(s)..lhghaalh/ghaalʾbeat O
naineelhkʾitshe stuck it inperf.3obv.+ 3 obj.naa-n-(s)..lhkʾitsstick O.in X
naininʾaangthey took it acrossperf.3obv.+ 3 obj.naa-n-(nin)..ʾaash/ʾaantake solid O across
naisʾaanthey took it aroundperf.3obv.+ 3 obj.naa-(s)..ʾaash/ʾaantake solid O around
naislhithe/they burn over it/landperf.3obv.+ 3 obj.naa-(s)..lhitburn around
naitgeetit thunderedimpf.3nat.phen.nai..tgeetthunder (v)
nai..tgeetvsto thunder1.1.3.6Lightning, thundernaitgeetit thunderedder. ofnaa-1iterativeyi- 2natural phenomenon subjectd-2d-classifier√GEET1thunder (v)
naitghilhʾaaʾhe stood up a stickperf.3obv.+ 3 obj.naa-d-(ghin)..lhʾaa/ʾaaʾstand O on end
Naitʾlaitcinn aNait'laitcin (boy's name)synTeelhʾaashBear Man (nickname)9.7.1.1Personal names
√NAKʾ1directsouth2rtobsoupstreamdiinakʾdirectsouthhainakʾdirecthere southhainakʾaaʾdirectsouth along; far southhiinakdirectsouthiinaakiin atwisting cord up the thigh-naaʾangdirectfrom the southteehnakʾdirectupstreamyiinakʾdirectsouthyooyiinakʾdirectfar south