Cahto - English


n


n-1v3-modepfxcompletive, perfective modekwinyeeh-(nin)..dilh/deelʾvidu./pl. go underground
n-21v2-subjectpfxyou, 2sg.9.2.3Pronouns2v8-objectpfxyou (sg)9.2.3Pronouns3npyour, yours9.2.3Pronounsdaahinjiiinterwhat did you say?niingpron2sg indepniiyeeʾpron2sg possessive indepshnindinginterjshut up! (sg)
n-3v4-conjugationpfxn-conjugationoo-n-(nin)..lhaatvtshoot
n-4v6-thematic/adverbialpfxn-qualifier9.2.9.1Verb affixeslhi-n-vtogether/assemblingn..chaaghvdbe large(n)..lhaanvdmanyn..neesvdbe longn-(s)..tʾaanvithicken/grow (acorns)n-(s)..tiish/tiinvilie downoo-n-(nin)..lhaatvtshootndooʾ1vsnot exist
√NArtstranger/enemyChʾintcn aRound Valley Yuki TribeChʾintcingn aSherwood Pomo tribe
nailyiish2n aresting2.4.5Rest8.4.1.8Special daysder. ofnaa-(ghees)..lyiish/yiitcʾrest breathe; rest=iNOM
nailyooltcn agopherThomomys spp.genlhoongʾ 1rodentsyndaaschaanggopherlhoongʾkaanaasgopher5.2.3.2.4Small Mammals (as food)1.6.1.1.03Rodentsder. ofnaa-1iterativegh-2PROGl-l-classifier-tcdiminutive suffixlittle one that yoolhs around
nai..tgeetvsto thunder1.1.3.6Lightning, thundernaitgeetit thunderedder. ofnaa-1iterativeyi- 2natural phenomenon subjectd-2d-classifier√GEET1thunder (v)
Naitʾlaitcinn aNait'laitcin (boy's name)synTeelhʾaashBear Man (nickname)9.7.1.1Personal names
√NAKʾ1directsouth2rtobsoupstreamdiinakʾdirectsouthhainakʾdirecthere southhainakʾaaʾdirectsouth along; far southhainaaʾangdirectfrom southhiinakdirectsouthiinaakiin atwisting cord up the thigh-naaʾangdirectfrom the southteehnakʾdirectupstreamyiinakʾdirectsouthyooyiinakʾdirectfar south
nalghis-naalhgain ascoutssim.waaniisaanscout4.4.4.5Protect6.6Occupation
=nangencldefinite enclitic9.4.5Evidentialsdoo-niineelyaanthey are eaten upneeʾodin-nangyou will die=kwaanaangvenclkwaan-nan--clitic
P-naapostparound P, surrounding P, encircling P8.5.1.2.1Around9.2.4Prepositions, postpositionskwnaaaround himuunaaaround itcf*naaʾ2by oneself, aloneP-naa-(ghin)..lhitvdbe burned around P<P-naa-(s)..____>vprefixsetaround/encircling PP-naa..yootvtsmoke O out of P
..naavtsay3.5.1Saychʾinaasomeone says
√NAA.rt1move2go√NAACONT, impf.√NAAMOM, perf.√NAAʾ2CONT, perf.√NAAʾ2MOM, opt.√NAALHMOM, prog.√NAASHMOM, impf.daaʾoneeshʾanginterwhat will happen?kish-gh..naalhvipl. run awaykish-(0)..naavipl. run awaykish-ti-(s)..naavipl. run offnaahi-(s)..naash/naaʾvimove back homen-(nin)..naashvirun offn-(nin)..naash/naavisg. come/arrivetoonain afishtcʾee-(nin)..naash/naavicome out
naa-1v10-iterativepfxiterative, around, about8.5.1.2.1Around
naa-2v11-adverbialpfxacross8.5.1.6Acrossnaa-(?)..ʾaa/ʾaaʾvtget O<naa-n-(ghin)..___>2vprefixsetputting acrossnaa-(nin)..lhitvtburn across land<naa-n-(nin)..____>vprefixsetacross
naa-3v11-adverbialpfx1again8.4.6.6.1Again2back7.2.3.6Return7.2.2.2Move backBaanoonaayaakaashn aDoctor's School Graduation CeremonyP-ghaa-naa-(nin)..tish/taanvtgive stick-like O back to themnaa-chʾ-(nin)..kat/katʾvifall back down<naahi-(s)..___>vprefixsetback homenaa-P-in..yoolhvtdrive (fish) back to Pnaa-kish-(ghin)..naa/naaʾvirun back<naa-n-(ghin)..d____>vprefixsetcoming homenaa-n-(s)..lhyii/yaanvteat O upnaa-(s)..liinʾvpbe tied againUunaanaaghilhitn aJune/July
naa-4v11-adverbialpfxdown8.5.2.5Downnaaʾchʾnooniin amidwifenaa-chʾ-n-(nin)..katvidrop down (of sky)naa-chʾ-(s)..tlʾoo/tlʾooʾvtset a snarenaadeelʾn asugar pine<naa-(ghin)..___>vprefixsetdownward/descendingnaanaa-vdownward movement<naa-n-(ghin)..___>1vprefixsetdownwardnaa-n-(s)..lhghaalh/ghaalʾvtbeat Onaa-n-(s)..lhkʾitsvtstick O.in Xnaa-n-(s)..lhyaanvibe sprouted
*naaʾ1n iaeye2.1.1.1Eyekonaaʾhis eyenaaʾ-biiʾin the eye(s)niinaaʾyour (sg.) eyeniiyeeʾ naaʾ ningyour (sg.) eyeshii(yee)ʾ-shnaaʾmy eyeshnaaʾmy eyeuunaaʾ1his/her/its eye(s), their eyesChʾeeneesh Naaʾtcn aThunder Eye (girl's name)Geesnaaʾn aOctober/Novembernaaʾ kʾistaangn acradle beadsnaaʾlhshiikn ashining eyes*naaʾtagitpostpbetween P's eyes*naadingn iaface*naadooseeʾn iaeyebrownaagoltciikn aspotted towheenaalhghii-uunaaʾn adog's eye*naasitsʾn iaeyelidtoonai-naaʾlhaaʾhaaʾlhn aflounder
*naaʾ2postpby oneself, alone4.1.6.3Alone9.2.4Prepositions, postpositionsuunaaʾ2by himself; alonecfP-naaaround/encircling P
√NAAʾ1rt1be hungry2in 'remain/be left'..lhteenaaʾviO to be leftnoo-(nin)..tnaaʾviremain
naaʾ kʾistaangn acradle beadswhtsʾaalʾbasket cradle, baby basket2.6.4.1.1Care for a baby4.2.7Play, funcomp. of*naaʾ1eyeP-kʾit-(s)..taanstick-like O lie on P=iNOMwhat the gaze rests on
-naaʾangdirectfrom the south8.5.2.8North, south, east, westder. of√NAKʾsouth/upstream-ʾangfrom suffix (directions)hainaaʾangdirectfrom southyiinaahʾangdirectfrom the south
naaʾaaʾinterjtake it!, here!9.2.7Interjections3.3.5.1Accept