Cahto - English


sh


sh-11v2-subjectpfxI9.2.3Pronouns2npfxmy9.2.9.2Noun affixes3v8-objectpfxme9.2.9.1Verb affixesShghanankaashtcn aGive Me Back (Jim's name)shiipron1sg indepshiiyeeʾ1pron1sg possessive indepShtaaʾnMy Father (God)Shtaaʾtcingn aMy Father Kind (God)Shtcghiitcinn aGrandfather Moon (by men)Shtcoon aGrandmother Moon (by women)
sh-2v6-thematic/adverbialpfxsh-qualifier9.2.9.1Verb affixesghi-sh-t-yiilʾvtbreak O to pieces
-shintsuffixsfxsh-interrogative suffix9.4.3.3Interrogative daashtyaashooʾdeeʾinterif anything is wrongdaashtʾiinjiiinterwhy does it do that?
shaniivar.var. ofshaaniionly
shashn agrizzly bearUrsus arctos horribilisgennoonii 1bearsynchʾilhgheegrizzly bearchʾilhgheechowgrizzly bearnoonii 3grizzly bear1.6.1.1.06Bearsshaash2BR dial.Shaashtootcindingn aBear Water villageshaashtʾangʾn abear clover
shashtʾaangʾn a1bear cloverChamaebatia foliolosagendaang1pinoleload√BIITLʾ2classify basketfull5.2.3.1.1.3Pinole/Cereals1.5.3.4Clover-like5.2.3.1.4Food from leaves2gen.cloverspeceelhtʾiingyellow-flowered clovernaakon-doonʾclammy cloversolchowcow parsniptʾaanʾteel 1flat-leaftʾaanʾteel 1.3white-flowered clover1.5.3.4Clover-like5.2.3.1.4Food from leavescomp. ofshashgrizzly beartʾaanʾleaf
shaa1n a1moonsynnaaghai 1moonshaa tlʾeeʾnaaghaimoonShtcghiitcinGrandfather Moon (address)ShtcooGrandmother Moon (address)tlʾeeʾnaaghaimoon1.1.1.1Moon2sunsyndjiing naaghaisun1.1.1Sun3month8.4.1.4MonthLaashiiʾlhgaitc shaan aSeptember/Octobernaa-d-(ghin)..lshaavisun to be verticalnaaghai shaa beediin-een awaning crescent moonnoonii shaa yiilhchitn aeclipseshaang1n asunshine
shaa2for me+ 1sg. obl.P-aa-1for P
√SHAAMOM, perf., 1sg.MOMperf.1sg.√YAA.sg. go
shaa ʾingaang-kwaangn anew moonwhnaaghai 2moon phasesynshaa yaash ʾingaan-ee 1new moon1.1.1.1Mooncomp. ofshaa1 1moonn-ghin..yaan2become born=iNOM=kwaaninferred with certainty from evidence evidentialmoon has been born
shaa beeʾodinN moons will die; N months will passunspec. var. ofshaa bee..dinmonth to pass
shaa bee..dinvimonth to pass, "moon to die"8.4.1Period of time8.4.1.4Monthshaa beeʾodinN moons will die; N months will passcomp. ofshaa1moon/sunP-ee..dinP to die/be missing
shaa kaanaasindaashyou, sun, come up againimpf.2sg.shaa kaa-naa-(s)..tyaash/yaasun to come back up
shaa kaa-naa-(s)..tyaash/yaavisun to come back up1.1.1Sunshaa kaanaasindaashyou, sun, come up againder. ofshaa1moon/sunkaa-naa-s-(s)..tyaash/yaasg come back up from underground
shaa kaanaashsun comes upimpf.3shaa kaa-n-(s)..yaash/yaasun to come up
shaa kaa-n-(s)..yaash/yaavisun to come up1.1.1Sunshaa kaanaashsun comes upshaa kaasinyaashyou, sun, come upshaa kaasyaasun came upder. ofshaa1moon/sunkaa-n-(s)..yaash/yaacome up from below
shaa kaasinyaashyou, sun, come upimpf.2sg.shaa kaa-n-(s)..yaash/yaasun to come up
shaa kaasyaasun came upperf.3shaa kaa-n-(s)..yaash/yaasun to come up
shaa kʾeeghinaashsun is going downprog.3shaa kʾee-n-(nin)..yaash/yaasun to set
shaa kʾee-n-(nin)..yaash/yaavisun to set, sun to go downantshaa yaa-n-(ghin)..yaash/yaasun to rise1.1.1Sunshaa kʾeeghinaashsun is going downshaa kʾeenaashsun goes downshaa kʾeenyaasun went down; sun setder. ofshaa1moon/sunkʾee-n-(nin)..yaash/yaaheavenly body to go down
shaa kʾeenyaiadvsunsetantshaa-yaanyaisunrise8.4.1.2.3Time of the dayder. ofshaa1moon/sunkʾee-n-(nin)..yaash/yaaheavenly body to go down=iNOM
shaa kʾeenyaasun went down; sun setperf.3shaa kʾee-n-(nin)..yaash/yaasun to set
shaa ndiinthe sun shinesperf.3shaa n..diinsun to shine
shaa n..diinvisun to shine1.1.1Sunshaa ndiinthe sun shinesder. ofshaa1moon/sunn..diinshine