Cahto - English


t


t-v6-thematic/adverbialpfxinceptive, start off, go off8.4.6.1Start somethingP-ee-t-(ghin)..siiʾvtplace one's head against PP-ghan-t-(ghin)..lkʾaasvtthrow stick-like O away for Pnaanaa-t-(ghin)..lhʾaa/ʾaaʾvtpile up againtʾaanʾtghilyoosn aoctopustaash1vigo alongt-(ghin)..baaʾvibe thirstyt-(ghin)..lhtish/tiinvtcarry animate O aroundt-gh..yaanvteatttee-(nin)..bin/binʾvdfull
-tsuffixsfxspecific place suffix8.5Locationbinkʾitn alakechʾnangkatn adaaʾtyaashaanginterdemonwhat is the matter?daantshaanginterwho?kʾandiitʾadvbefore/prior to*tagitpostpbetween Ptaahjiitinterwhere?*tsʾeekʾitn iaumbilical cord
*tagitpostpbetween P9.2.4Prepositions, postpositions8.5.1.2.2Betweenuutagitbetween themder. of√TAKbetween-tspecific place postpositional suffix*ghantagitpostpmiddle of P's backlhtaaghn ablack oak*naaʾtagitpostpbetween P's eyesTootagitn aRedemeyer Rancheria Flat villageyeeh-tagitn amiddle of the houseyiichow-tagitn asmokehole of dance house
Tagittlʾohdingn a1Peterson Creek Fork village, "Between Grass Place" villagewhKʾaiʾkwotPeterson Creek/K'ai'kwotYeehliinding-kiiyaahaangFlows In Place band9.7.2.10.07Northern Tenmile Creek area9.7.2.03Names of villages/towns2Windem Creek Fork village, "Between Grass Place" villageptNeeʾnilhsitCaptain Nee'nilhsit/FrankwhBinʾmilgohkwotWindem CreekChʾnankatchiiʾ-kiiyaahaangDeer Lick Creek Mouth bandKʾashyiiʾuuyeehtookwot 2Windem Creek9.7.2.10.10Upper South Fork Eel area9.7.2.03Names of villages/townsder. of*tagitbetween Ptlʾohgrass=dingplace
*tain ia1paternal uncle (father's brother)4.1.9.1.6Uncle, aunt2uncle (mother's sister's husband)4.1.9.2Related by marriage4.1.9.1.6Uncle, aunt3stepfather4.1.9.1.2Father, mother4.1.9.2Related by marriageshtaimy uncle (father's brother)
taiʾaashit (ocean) settles backimpf.3nat.phen.taa-yi-(ghin)..ʾaash/ʾaanrecede (as waves)
taichʾdibilhwe cook mushimpf.1pl.+ 3indf. obj.taa-chʾ-(ghin)..bilh/biilʾcook mush/soup
taichʾitbilh(pot) cooks itimpf.+ 3indf. obj.+ 3obv. obj.taa-chʾ-(ghin)..tbilh/biilʾcook soup (pot as S)
tainaangyou (sg.) drink; drink! (sg.)impf.2sg.taa-(ghin)..naandrink
taistʾaasʾhe cut it upperf.3obv.+ 3 obj.taa-(s)..tʾaas/tʾaatscut O (in butchering)
taitʾaassomeone cuts itimpf.3obv.+ 3 obj.taa-(s)..tʾaas/tʾaatscut O (in butchering)taa-(ghin)..tʾaas/tʾaatsʾbutcher/cut up O
√TAKrtbetween*ghantakpostpbetween P's shoulders*tagitpostpbetween P
√TANʾrthold(nin)..tanʾvthold on to O
tashkaalhI break itimpf.1sg.+ 3 obj.taa-(s)..kaalh/kaalʾbreak O
tashnaanglet me drinkopt.1sg.taa-(ghin)..naandrink
tatdighishwe carry them from the waterimpf.1pl.+ 3 obj.taah-t-(s)..ghish/ghiincarry load O from water
taa-1v11-adverbialpfxwater-related, liquid-related1.3Water<taa-(ghin)..___>vprefixsetinto watertaakaatcʾeeʾn acrawfish<taa-naa-(s)..___>vprefixsetback into watertaanchown ariver<taa-(nin)..____>vprefixsetin water<taa-(s)..____>1vprefixsetcookingtaa-yi-(ghin)..ʾaash/ʾaanvirecede (as waves)
taa-2v11-adverbialpfxbutchering7.8.3Cut6.3.4Butcher, slaughtertaa-(ghin)..tʾaas/tʾaatsʾvtbutcher/cut up O
taa-3v11-adverbialpfxbreaking, ripping, tearing7.8.1Break7.8.4Tear, rip<taa-(s)..____>2vprefixsetbreaking/cutting
taa-4v11-adverbialpfx(in 'stingy')9.2.9.1Verb affixestaa-(ghin)..tcinvdbe stingy
*taaʾn iafather4.1.9.1.2Father, motherkwtaaʾhis/her fatherntaaʾyour fatherstaaʾmy fathershtaaʾmy fathershtaaʾ-yeeit is my fatherShtaaʾnMy Father (God)Shtaaʾtcingn aMy Father Kind (God)Yooʾtsʾaalʾ Taaʾn aCradle Father (boy's name)
taaʾaashaalet me go in wateropt.1sg.taa-(nin)..yaash/yaago in water
taaʾaashaaʾlet me go to the wateropt.1sg.taa-(ghin)..yaash/yaasg. go to water
taaʾchʾoobiilʾthey cooked itopt.3anim.+ 3indf. obj.taa-chʾ-(ghin)..bilh/biilʾcook mush/soup
taaʾinyaiit went in waterperf.3anim.taa-(nin)..yaash/yaago in water