Cahto - English


t


t-v6-thematic/adverbialpfxinceptive, start off, go off8.4.6.1Start somethingP-ee-t-(ghin)..siiʾvtplace one's head against PP-ghan-t-(ghin)..lkʾaasvtthrow stick-like O away for Pnaanaa-t-(ghin)..lhʾaa/ʾaaʾvtpile up againtʾaanʾtghilyoosn aoctopustaash1vigo alongt-(ghin)..baaʾvibe thirstyt-(ghin)..lhtish/tiinvtcarry animate O aroundt-gh..yaanvteatttee-(nin)..bin/binʾvdfull
-tsuffixsfxspecific place suffix8.5Locationbinkʾitn alakechʾnangkatn adaaʾtyaashaanginterdemonwhat is the matter?daantshaanginterwho?kʾandiitʾadvbefore/prior to*tagitpostpbetween Ptaahjiitinterwhere?*tsʾeekʾitn iaumbilical cord
*tagitpostpbetween P9.2.4Prepositions, postpositions8.5.1.2.2Betweenuutagitbetween themder. of√TAKbetween-tspecific place postpositional suffix*ghantagitpostpmiddle of P's backlhtaaghn ablack oak*naaʾtagitpostpbetween P's eyesTootagitn aRedemeyer Rancheria Flat villageyeeh-tagitn amiddle of the houseyiichow-tagitn asmokehole of dance house
Tagittlʾohdingn a1Peterson Creek Fork village, "Between Grass Place" villagewhKʾaiʾkwotPeterson Creek/K'ai'kwotYeehliinding-kiiyaahaangFlows In Place band9.7.2.10.07Northern Tenmile Creek area9.7.2.03Names of villages/towns2Windem Creek Fork village, "Between Grass Place" villageptNeeʾnilhsitCaptain Nee'nilhsit/FrankwhBinʾmilgohkwotWindem CreekChʾnankatchiiʾ-kiiyaahaangDeer Lick Creek Mouth bandKʾashyiiʾuuyeehtookwot 2Windem Creek9.7.2.10.10Upper South Fork Eel area9.7.2.03Names of villages/townsder. of*tagitbetween Ptlʾohgrass=dingplace
*tain ia1paternal uncle (father's brother)4.1.9.1.6Uncle, aunt2uncle (mother's sister's husband)4.1.9.2Related by marriage4.1.9.1.6Uncle, aunt3stepfather4.1.9.1.2Father, mother4.1.9.2Related by marriageshtaimy uncle (father's brother)
√TAKrtbetween*ghantakpostpbetween P's shoulders*tagitpostpbetween P
√TANʾrthold(nin)..tanʾvthold on to O
taa-1v11-adverbialpfxwater-related, liquid-related1.3Water<taa-(ghin)..___>vprefixsetinto watertaakaatcʾeeʾn acrawfish<taa-naa-(s)..___>vprefixsetback into watertaanchown ariver<taa-(nin)..____>vprefixsetin water<taa-(s)..____>1vprefixsetcookingtaa-yi-(ghin)..ʾaash/ʾaanvirecede (as waves)
taa-2v11-adverbialpfxbutchering7.8.3Cut6.3.4Butcher, slaughtertaa-(ghin)..tʾaas/tʾaatsʾvtbutcher/cut up O
taa-3v11-adverbialpfxbreaking, ripping, tearing7.8.1Break7.8.4Tear, rip<taa-(s)..____>2vprefixsetbreaking/cutting
taa-4v11-adverbialpfx(in 'stingy')9.2.9.1Verb affixestaa-(ghin)..tcinvdbe stingy
*taaʾn iafather4.1.9.1.2Father, motherkwtaaʾhis/her fatherntaaʾyour fatherstaaʾmy fathershtaaʾmy fathershtaaʾ-yeeit is my fatherShtaaʾnMy Father (God)Shtaaʾtcingn aMy Father Kind (God)Yooʾtsʾaalʾ Taaʾn aCradle Father (boy's name)
taaʾnaangn adrinking water5.2.3.6Beverage1.3Waterder. oftaa-(ghin)..naandrink=iNOM
taa-chʾ-(ghin)..bilh/biilʾvtcook mush/soupsim.chʾ-(s)..lhbitc/beetcboil st madeskʾeeʾ 1acorn souptoolching-teelhmush stirrerkiitsaaʾbasket potseelhsow 1boiling stonetsee-bilhninyaalaicooking tongs5.2.1Food preparation5.2.1.1Cooking methodstaichʾdibilhwe cook mushtaaʾchʾoobiilʾthey cooked ittaachʾinmilhyou (sg.) cook soup; cook soup! (sg.)taachʾohbilhyou (pl.) cook soup; cook soup! (pl.)der. oftaa-1water-relatedchʾ-3Indefgh-1gh-conjugation√BIITLʾ2classify basketful O
taa-chʾ-(ghin)..tbilh/biilʾvtcook soup5.2.1.3Cooking utensiltaichʾitbilh(pot) cooks itder. ofd-2d-classifiertaa-chʾ-(ghin)..bilh/biilʾcook mush/soup
taadisitn areceding tide, ebbing tide, tide running outsim.taahtsitlow tide1.3.2.6Tide
√TAAGHrtcarry (e g acorns)..lhtaaghvtcarry
*taaghangn iahomesyn*ghandinghomekwontaah-ding 1homeyeehdinghome6.5.1.1Housenohtaaghangour home
taaghaanaan amedicinesynchʾbaaghmedicine2.5.7.2Medicine
taa..ghilghaalʾvpbe thrown into water7.3.1.1Throwtaakwwilghaalʾhe was thrown into watertaalghaalʾit was thrown into waterder. ofl-l-classifiertaa-(ghin)..lhghaalh/ghaalʾthrow stick-like/animate O into water
<taa-(ghin)..___>vprefixsetinto water1.3Water1.3.4Be in waterder. oftaa-1water-relatedgh-1gh-conjugationcftaah-t-(s)..lhtish/taantake stick-like/enclosed O out from watertaa-kw..lhtaannot be at hometaa-naa-(ghin)..kʾis/kʾitsvttake canoe back to water
taa-(ghin)..baaʾvibe thirsty5.2.2.5Hungry, thirstytaaghiibaaʾ1I am thirstytaaghiibaaʾ2I am thirstyder. of<taa-(ghin)..___>into water√BAAʾthirstycfsh-(ghin)..naaʾbe hungry
taa-(ghin)..laatvidrown2.6.6Dietaaghaalaatthey drownedder. of<taa-(ghin)..___>into water√LAATfloat
taa-(ghin)..ltʾaas/tʾaatsʾvpbe cut to pieces, butchered7.8.3Cut6.3.4Butcher, slaughtertaakowiltʾaatsʾhe was cut upder. ofl-l-classifiertaa-(ghin)..tʾaas/tʾaatsʾbutcher/cut up O
taa-(ghin)..lhaatvijump into water7.2.1.1.3Jumptaaghinlhaathe jumped into waterder. of<taa-(ghin)..___>into water√LHAAT/LHAAGHjump